The Chrysanthemum Imperium

The Chrysanthemum Imperium 

**This began as an EU4 game, I played until 1700, but then I lost the save so anything after “Uesugi Ascendant” sub-section is self constructed lore. 

Starting Nation: Uesugi 上杉氏幕府

Starting Religion: Shinto

Goal: Unite Japan, Puppet Korea and Manchuria

>> Uesugi Ascendant ; Japan Dominant 1444-1700

The Sengoku Jidai tore Japan asunder, but from it, was a generation forged in war, and an Empire stronger than ever. The Uesugi clan subjugated the other daimyos, through a series of cunning victories and careful planning, Northern Japan would be united by early 1460’s. As the Ashikaga began to consolidate its power over minor daimyos, as well as launching campaigns against the Ainu, the Usegui bided their time. 

The south fell in quick succession, by early 1470 the Uesugi was the sole independent daimyo remaining. And by mid 1473, the Ashikaga capitulated. 

Neo-Confucianism became so influential in the Japanese court at this time, that the nation adopted Confucianism as its national doctrine and philosophy. This relegated Shintoism to simply being a folk religion, holding no sway over governance. The adoption of Neo-Confucianism also paved the way for a complex modern bureaucracy to develop in Japan. 

Proclaiming a new Shogunate and a united Japan, the Uesugi clan would dominate Japan for the next four centuries. With the home islands secure, their gaze drifted to the mainland as well as lands far away. 

The Northern islands would be colonized, and in a show of strength, the Japanese annexed Ryuku, fending off Ming forces with their burgeoning navy. With Okinawa, the colonization of Taiwan and the pacific islands began. 

While settlers arrived in Taiwan, the Japanese Army marched on Korea. Once again defeating the Ming, Southern Korea was annexed, and over the century, would see it’s culture become a unique mix of Kyushu and Southern Honshu and Korean culture. Taiwan would see it’s natives live peacefully side by side with the Japanese settlers on the coast, over time they would modernize and enculturate Japanese aspects of life into their own societies. 

By the 1600’s the winds began shifting in Nanjing, and the Ming wDali Princedom ould slowly crumble. First it would see massive waves of rebellions over famines and corrupt bureaucracy. The government would then be forced to decentralise itself to combat the various rebellions, going so far as to grant autonomy to the Princedoms of Yue and Wu. Japan saw its chance here, and swiftly struck. In a series of wars, Fujian and Zhejiang would be annexed, while Jiangsu was left to the Wu as a vassal state. 

During this time, Japan would colonise as far East as Hawaii, and even enter into a minor conflict with the mamluks over the possession of some pacific islands. While the chinese possessions gradually became core lands to the Japanese people, as the Min, Hakka and Wu people were Japanised. 

This would further damage Ming legitimacy, as they were forced to grant the Dali Princedom autonomy. However any effort spent now was too late, the nation would collapse into an era of strife and conflict, as the Shun arose in the North, and the Ming collapsed into minor states, not without the effort of Japan as well. Manchuria would form as well, and after taking Beijing from the Shun in the 1640’s, they proclaimed the Qing Dynasty. Korea would be subjugated by them. However the rest of China Proper would prove to be too difficult to conquer. 

Japan would experience an age of peace, until their allies of the Qing would turn against them. Declaring war in early 1660’s. This would signal the rise of the Japanese Imperial Sphere and the decline of the Qing, who had at this point conquered the central steppe and defeated Russia in multiple wars.

By the turn of the century, the Manchurian heartland would be carved into multiple states by the Japanese, while the Joseon Kingdom would be annexed and vassalized as Taikankuo, the vassal state is completely controlled by the Japanese Central Government. The Vassal State of Sanmanku was formed, being a unique confederation of three Manchurian Kingdoms in Outer Manchuria as well as the Northeastern tip of Korea. This state would experience massive immigration from Japan, as settlers rushed to the relatively untapped regions, thus the culture in the region became a unique blend of the Jurchen tribes and Togoku culture. Kitakurokuo is another state created in modern day Heilongjiang, the area is much more autonomous than Sanmankuo, and has retained much of its distinct culture. 

Planned Maps:

  • Uesugi Shogunate and her vassals

  • Sanmankuo and Kitankuro Ethnic Map

  • Fujian and Taiwan Ethnic Map

  • Korea Ethnic Map

Region Breakdown:

Japan Proper – OTL

Southern Korea (East) – A unique blend of Chugoku and Korean culture (Inyokan, 陰陽

  • Name derived from 山陰山陽地方 and

Southern Korea (West) – A unique blend of Kyushuan and Korean culture

  • Chinkan, 韩, derived from 鎮西 and

Sanmankuo – Jurchen / Manchurian and Kanto, Echigo and Tohoku culture

  • Kongo, japanese for mixture

Fujian – A mix of Min, Hakka and Kyushuan culture

  • Wakan’on 倭閩, Wakyaku 倭客

Zhejiang – A mix of Wu and Kanto culture, as Sushu served as the administrative center for the region, large amounts of Kanto administrators were moved here. 

  • Kunchu 吳中

Kitakurokuo – Almost a reserve for the natives of the area, sparse settlements of japanese settlers can be found 

  • Shokumin 植民

Taikankuo – Though lacking in true Japanese settlers, the region has adopted a weird perceived version of Japanese culture, and the ruling class has a weird bastardization of Japanese culture, while the lower classes remain almost completely Korean. 

  • Kokanmin 高韓民

Taiwan – The Austronesian natives inland gradually adopted more and more Japanese customs, but remained staunchly unique. However, the native religions were able to melt into Shintoism, and many natives soon became important bureaucrats to be used in the expansion into Austronesian territories. 

>> Masters of Sanshu-Rozon (Philippines) **Under Construction**

In the 18th century, Colonial Ventures proved to be more and more profitable in Manchuria, with Taiwan becoming core territory of the Empire, the range for settlers vastly increased. Hawaii and the pacific islands remained relatively unpopulated, but settlements grew at moderate rates, these communities remained relatively self sufficient, however soon the islands would become part of a larger trade network connecting multiple continents, but that was still to occur. 

Taiwan became an important trade node for all incoming European traffic. With the many domains distant from the center of the Empire, European trade was allowed to be far more unrestricted in the Japanese periphery. Ideas and technology would then be filtered and brought back to the mainland, where they would be improved and pondered. However, this would see a distinct japanese culture arising on the island, as the conservative mainland took much more consideration before adopting foreign culture, the Taiwanese were much more open. 

Large foreign settlements comprised of Muslim traders would grow in Fujian as well, most of them would assimilate into Japanese culture but retain their unique islamic traits as well. The communities of muslims in Japan gave the Japanese excuse to attack the Spanish in the Philippines. As the South of the island chains had large islamic populations residing there, there Japanese muslims had established trade networks there. Thus, with trade interference as the excuse, Japan would ignite it’s conquest for the Philippines.

The people of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan would ally with the Japanese against the Spanish in 1713. After their victory against the Spanish, the Japanese vassalized these states and formed the Sanshu Emirian Confederacy. The island of Mindoro or Asa Itsu was annexed directly. The non-islamic states and partially roman-catholic peoples of the rest of the Archipelago were vassalized under the Kingdom of Rozon.

Over the decades the ruling Elite of the SEC would be gradually replaced with Japanese Muslims, and Rozon would be transformed into a Neo-Confucian Kingdom. The ruling class would adopt Confucianism as mainland Japanese migrated to the area. Other than Japanese nobles migrating to Rozon, peasants seeking new prospects move as well. Thus, they brought Shintoism to the Kingdom, they would adopt a blend of Dayawism and Shintoism. And soon after the middle class of Rozon would be dominated by a new Japonic-Tagalog people group – The XXXX. The Northern tip of Rozon became dominated by Taiwanese Japanese, mainly the assimilated Aboriginals, as they better understood the native Ilanco. This allowed for better cultural exchanges and less unrest with Japanese rule in this area, as well as the increase in assimilation for the natives. Not long after would they adopt 

>> Masters of Nanyo

Chushima – Borneo, Central Island

When the Japanese arrived, the Sulu already told of White men in the South. The Japanese not wanting to be left behind in the scramble for this elusive land, hired Hakka company federations to aid the expansion of their influence. Soon much of the Federations would become tributary states to the Japanese. And Northwestern Borneo would be conquered by a joint force of Hakka Companies and Japanese settlers. The Sulu people would be subjugated. A Grand Republic for all the Federations and Japanese colonies would form, and the Republic of Chushima would be created. The state would remain a tributary of Japan, however, it would decide much of its own destiny. Retaining their merchant traditions, the Japanese settlers were of trading stock, mixing with the local Hakka, a new identity formed from a mix of them. The Republic would come to dominate the Malay Archipelago for much of the 19th century. Slowly growing its borders, many conflicts arose with the Dutch, resulting in great distrust and hatred. Borneo would be united under the Republic by 1873. However, the other islands would not come nearly as easy. 

>> Masters of Tienjiku 

Starting Nation: Uesugi Shogunate

Religion: Confucianism 

Goal: Unite Japan, Colonise indonesia and India 

>> Situation of Chugoku

POV Nation: Uesugi Shogunate

Religion: Confucianism 

Purpose: Observing the disparate lands of the Han


Upon their humiliation and desecration by the Japanese, the Qing’s ill fortune would only extrapolate. Having no time to solidify Manchu authority over the Mongolians, a mass exodus of Oirat Mongols towards Xiyu occured. While the inner Mongolians, seizing their opportunity, proclaimed a Heavenly Khaganate to rightfully unite Mongolia. The Manchu Genocide would soon follow, as the fervent Mongolians massacred the Qing en masse for their new Khagans. 

The Heavenly Khaganate was founded on the basis of religious fundamentalism and anti-Han and Qing sentiment, while proclaiming to be eternal brothers with Tibetans. This was based on their bastardization of the Tibetan Buddhism doctrine. A temporal ecclesiastical system was created for the Holy Khagan to better conduct his spiritual duties and obligations, of course, extending his power over religion as well.

The Oirats, now known as Dzunghars, remained amiable with their sacrilegious cousins. However they staked their own destiny to the west of the homeland. Much of eastern Turkestan would fall to their hands within the turn of the century. 

The Heavenly Khaganate was unrelenting, their warriors poured into the Shun, capitulating them within months, exterminating the Li Dynasty well before their centenary. However, they did not remain in the salted earth they had created, instead the Khagan chose to take a different path from predecessors. The newly conquered Northern Han territory was to be carved into fiefdoms, ruled by local kings, albeit with a Mongolian Buddist High Monk. Thus, these Kingdoms, later known as the Tantric Kings, would be kept in constant conflict and infighting, heavily weakening their power to resist the Mongol overlords. However, conflict breeds progress, one of the princes may very well develop technology to overturn the Mongolians, especially if the Mongolians are distracted. 

Much of the Qing would flee into Russian land, some would return to their subjugated homelands in Kitankuro. Those who fled to Russia would have autonomy exchanged for military service, the bannermen of the Qing would quickly become esteemed fighters in Russia. Those who fled back to Manchuria would assimilate into the Japanised state. 

Northern China would remain incredibly depopulated for the extent of the century of rule. However, Southern China would be a different case in terms of Han agency. The Dali would be overthrown by a Tunbao Han revolt supported by Northern Refugees. proclaim themselves rightful heirs to the Ming, prescribing the name of the Xi Dynasty. The extent of their influence would dominate Sichuan and Yunnan.

The Southern provinces would each attempt to assert their own dominance over one another, and a brief decade of war smothered the Han South. However, as deadlocks ensued, there was a drop in conflict. This would result in the red eyebrow revolt, which would attempt to unite Southern China under a new Dynasty, the Qin Dynasty. However, the rebels were unsuccessful and their attempt at a functioning state shattered before them. Their remnants still remain in Hunan. 

The Japanese and Northern Strife would send massive migrations of Hakka southwards. These Hakka only found further prejudice and suppression by the Han aboriginals in southern China. The first sparks of conflict would digress into the Hakka-Punti clan wars. This conflict saw the uprooting of the Cantonese from Guangdong, and their migration towards Guizhou to escape the burgeoning Hakka Empire. This would result in conflicts with the Miao that are still ongoing, however, from all this conflict the Chuanqing Han are benefiting the most, as their influence grows with every Cantonese and Miao killed. As of now the province remains divided between the three.

Guangxi would soon fall to Hakka dominion. It would seem that with the Southern Expanse totally under their control, the Hakka have finally settled in. However, it seems likely that the Hakka conflict with the Yue are not completely finished, there still remains the Viet of Hanoi. 

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