War Crimes Committed by the Police Force in the 2020 George Floyd Protests in Accordance with The Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

War Crimes Committed by the Police Force in the 2020 George Floyd Protests in Accordance with The Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

A comprehensive report by Jay Ibels.

 

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

Article 8

War crimes

2. For the purpose of this Statute, "war crimes" means:

(a) Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely, any of the following acts against persons or property protected under the provisions of the relevant Geneva Convention:

(i) Wilful killing;

(ii) Torture or inhuman treatment, including biological experiments;

(iii) Wilfully causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or health;

(iv) Extensive destruction and appropriation of property, not justified by military necessity and carried out unlawfully and wantonly;

(v) Compelling a prisoner of war or other protected person to serve in the forces of a hostile Power;

(vi) Wilfully depriving a prisoner of war or other protected person of the rights of fair and regular trial;

(vii) Unlawful deportation or transfer or unlawful confinement;

(viii) Taking of hostages.

(b) Other serious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international armed conflict, within the established framework of international law, namely, any of the following acts:

(i) Intentionally directing attacks against the civilian population as such or against individual civilians not taking direct part in hostilities;

(ii) Intentionally directing attacks against civilian objects, that is, objects which are not military objectives;

(iii) Intentionally directing attacks against personnel, installations, material, units or vehicles involved in a humanitarian assistance or peacekeeping mission in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, as long as they are entitled to the protection given to civilians or civilian objects under the international law of armed conflict;

(iv) Intentionally launching an attack in the knowledge that such attack will cause incidental loss of life or injury to civilians or damage to civilian objects or widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment which would be clearly excessive in relation to the concrete and direct overall military advantage anticipated;

(v) Attacking or bombarding, by whatever means, towns, villages, dwellings or buildings which are undefended and which are not military objectives;

(vi) Killing or wounding a combatant who, having laid down his arms or having no longer means of defence, has surrendered at discretion;

(vii) Making improper use of a flag of truce, of the flag or of the military insignia and uniform of the enemy or of the United Nations, as well as of the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions, resulting in death or serious personal injury;

(viii) The transfer, directly or indirectly, by the Occupying Power of parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies, or the deportation or transfer of all or parts of the population of the occupied territory within or outside this territory;

(ix) Intentionally directing attacks against buildings dedicated to religion, education, art, science or charitable purposes, historic monuments, hospitals and places where the sick and wounded are collected, provided they are not military objectives;

(x) Subjecting persons who are in the power of an adverse party to physical mutilation or to medical or scientific experiments of any kind which are neither justified by the medical, dental or hospital treatment of the person concerned nor carried out in his or her interest, and which cause death to or seriously endanger the health of such person or persons;

(xi) Killing or wounding treacherously individuals belonging to the hostile nation or army;

(xii) Declaring that no quarter will be given;

(xiii) Destroying or seizing the enemy's property unless such destruction or seizure be imperatively demanded by the necessities of war;

(xiv) Declaring abolished, suspended or inadmissible in a court of law the rights and actions of the nationals of the hostile party;

(xv) Compelling the nationals of the hostile party to take part in the operations of war directed against their own country, even if they were in the belligerent's service before the commencement of the war;

(xvi) Pillaging a town or place, even when taken by assault;

(xvii) Employing poison or poisoned weapons;

(xviii) Employing asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and all analogous liquids, materials or devices;

(vi) Committing rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, as defined in article 7, paragraph 2

(f), enforced sterilization, and any other form of sexual violence also constituting a serious violation of article 3 common to the four Geneva Conventions;

(vii) Conscripting or enlisting children under the age of fifteen years into armed forces or groups or using them to participate actively in hostilities;

(viii) Ordering the displacement of the civilian population for reasons related to the conflict, unless the security of the civilians involved or imperative military reasons so demand;

(ix) Killing or wounding treacherously a combatant adversary;

(x) Declaring that no quarter will be given;

(xi) Subjecting persons who are in the power of another party to the conflict to physical mutilation or to medical or scientific experiments of any kind which are neither justified by the medical, dental or hospital treatment of the person concerned nor carried out in his or her interest, and which cause death to or seriously endanger the health of such person or persons; (xii) Destroying or seizing the property of an adversary unless such destruction or seizure be imperatively demanded by the necessities of the conflict;

(xiii) Employing poison or poisoned weapons;

(xiv) Employing asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and all analogous liquids, materials or devices;

(xv) Employing bullets which expand or flatten easily in the human body, such as bullets with a hard envelope which does not entirely cover the core or is pierced with incisions.

 

(i) Wilful killing;

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/steve-conrad-louisville-police-chief-fired-protest-shooting-death/

 

(iii) Wilfully causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or health;

https://www.alreporter.com/2020/06/03/huntsville-police-deploy-tear-gas-rubber-bullets-on-protesters/

https://www.clevelandjewishnews.com/news/local_news/osu-graduate-22-dies-after-attending-protests-in-columbus/article_dcadd6b2-a75d-11ea-94c3-e7751ddd6d55.html

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/steve-conrad-louisville-police-chief-fired-protest-shooting-death/

https://www.greenleft.org.au/content/after-peaceful-protests-nsw-police-take-their-violent-revenge

https://www.rawstory.com/2020/06/watch-protester-bled-from-his-ear-after-being-shoved-by-police-cops-say-he-tripped/

https://twitter.com/hungrybowtie/status/1282176328305762307

https://mobile.twitter.com/imyagirleva/status/1267548457612513287

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-52880970

https://mobile.twitter.com/jxyzn/status/1267684722341064704

https://twitter.com/IanHoppe/status/1268342522004287490

https://twitter.com/imnothoracio/status/1268408453015506946

https://twitter.com/GregoryMcKelvey/status/1283801687472214016

https://twitter.com/KevinRKrause/status/1266898396339675137

https://twitter.com/JordanUhl/status/1266917228752056320

https://twitter.com/JordanUhl/status/1267598173708705792

https://www.facebook.com/FWDSET/posts/2831883253587789?__tn__=-R

(iv) Extensive destruction and appropriation of property, not justified by military necessity and carried out unlawfully and wantonly;

https://www.pinknews.co.uk/2020/06/03/lgbt-bar-raleigh-north-carolina-ruby-deluxe-tim-lemuel-black-lives-matter-police-brutality-racism/

https://www.motherjones.com/anti-racism-police-protest/2020/06/videos-show-cops-slashing-car-tires-at-protests-in-minneapolis/

https://mobile.twitter.com/EmiEleode/status/1267751135756144640

 

(vii) Unlawful deportation or transfer or unlawful confinement;

https://www.greenleft.org.au/content/after-peaceful-protests-nsw-police-take-their-violent-revenge

(i) Intentionally directing attacks against the civilian population as such or against individual civilians not taking direct part in hostilities;

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/steve-conrad-louisville-police-chief-fired-protest-shooting-death/

https://www.rawstory.com/2020/06/watch-protester-bled-from-his-ear-after-being-shoved-by-police-cops-say-he-tripped/

https://www.dailymercury.com.au/news/cop-shoots-wheelchair-bound-man-in-face/4031281/

https://www.pinknews.co.uk/2020/06/03/lgbt-bar-raleigh-north-carolina-ruby-deluxe-tim-lemuel-black-lives-matter-police-brutality-racism/

https://theintercept.com/2020/06/04/journalists-attacked-police-george-floyd-protests/?utm_campaign=theintercept&utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social

https://twitter.com/imnothoracio/status/1268408453015506946

https://twitter.com/KevinRKrause/status/1266898396339675137

https://twitter.com/GregoryMcKelvey/status/1282387741427118080

https://twitter.com/IanHoppe/status/1268342522004287490

https://twitter.com/GregoryMcKelvey/status/1283801687472214016

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-52880970

https://twitter.com/chadloder/status/1266957030285127687

https://www.facebook.com/FWDSET/posts/2831883253587789?__tn__=-R

 

(v) Attacking or bombarding, by whatever means, towns, villages, dwellings or buildings which are undefended and which are not military objectives;

https://www.pinknews.co.uk/2020/06/03/lgbt-bar-raleigh-north-carolina-ruby-deluxe-tim-lemuel-black-lives-matter-police-brutality-racism/

(iii) Intentionally directing attacks against personnel, installations, material, units or vehicles involved in a humanitarian assistance or peacekeeping mission in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, as long as they are entitled to the protection given to civilians or civilian objects under the international law of armed conflict;

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/factcheck/2020/06/03/george-floyd-protests-police-destroy-medic-station-asheville/3124847001/

https://www.pinknews.co.uk/2020/06/03/lgbt-bar-raleigh-north-carolina-ruby-deluxe-tim-lemuel-black-lives-matter-police-brutality-racism/

https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=569204613790305

https://twitter.com/imnothoracio/status/1268408453015506946

https://twitter.com/GregoryMcKelvey/status/1282387741427118080

https://twitter.com/AshevillePolice/status/1268279714151567361

https://twitter.com/daveth89/status/1267974555332685824

https://twitter.com/chadloder/status/1266957030285127687

https://www.tiktok.com/@brittneycarlson4/video/6832859283273616646?u_code=6g8jg999afbjj&preview_pb=0&language=en&_d=d07gjkllg5ki4a&share_item_id=6832859283273616646&timestamp=1590971752&utm_campaign=client_share&app=musically&utm_medium=ios&user_id=147099621721452544&tt_from=copy&utm_source=copy&source=h5_m

 

(iv) Intentionally launching an attack in the knowledge that such attack will cause incidental loss of life or injury to civilians or damage to civilian objects or widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment which would be clearly excessive in relation to the concrete and direct overall military advantage anticipated;

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/steve-conrad-louisville-police-chief-fired-protest-shooting-death/

https://twitter.com/KevinRKrause/status/1266898396339675137

https://twitter.com/imnothoracio/status/1268408453015506946

 

(ix) Intentionally directing attacks against buildings dedicated to religion, education, art, science or charitable purposes, historic monuments, hospitals and places where the sick and wounded are collected, provided they are not military objectives;

https://twitter.com/chadloder/status/1266957030285127687

https://www.tiktok.com/@brittneycarlson4/video/6832859283273616646?u_code=6g8jg999afbjj&preview_pb=0&language=en&_d=d07gjkllg5ki4a&share_item_id=6832859283273616646&timestamp=1590971752&utm_campaign=client_share&app=musically&utm_medium=ios&user_id=147099621721452544&tt_from=copy&utm_source=copy&source=h5_m

 

(xiii) Destroying or seizing the enemy's property unless such destruction or seizure be imperatively demanded by the necessities of war;

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/factcheck/2020/06/03/george-floyd-protests-police-destroy-medic-station-asheville/3124847001/

https://theintercept.com/2020/06/04/journalists-attacked-police-george-floyd-protests/?utm_campaign=theintercept&utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social

https://www.motherjones.com/anti-racism-police-protest/2020/06/videos-show-cops-slashing-car-tires-at-protests-in-minneapolis/

https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=569204613790305

https://twitter.com/AshevillePolice/status/1268279714151567361

https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=288249325575316

(xviii) Employing asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and all analogous liquids, materials or devices;

https://www.alreporter.com/2020/06/03/huntsville-police-deploy-tear-gas-rubber-bullets-on-protesters/

https://www.greenleft.org.au/content/after-peaceful-protests-nsw-police-take-their-violent-revenge

https://www.clevelandjewishnews.com/news/local_news/osu-graduate-22-dies-after-attending-protests-in-columbus/article_dcadd6b2-a75d-11ea-94c3-e7751ddd6d55.html

https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2020-05-30/la-reporter-tear-gas-police

https://www.sbs.com.au/news/police-pepper-spray-protesters-leaving-sydney-s-black-lives-matter-rally-after-largely-peaceful-marches-across-australia

https://twitter.com/_rockrit/status/1269227356113129473

https://twitter.com/AJRupchandani/status/1266889115288711168

https://twitter.com/DomDiFurio/status/1266931172506042368

https://twitter.com/hungrybowtie/status/1282171750751465472

https://twitter.com/ellievhall/status/1266972901099667456

https://twitter.com/80SREDKY/status/1267961620921298944

https://twitter.com/SilviaElenaFF/status/1266929768076906496

https://mobile.twitter.com/jxyzn/status/1267684722341064704

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10102235377952032&set=a.824096667082&type=3&theater

 

 

 

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